What Are the Most Popular Web Frameworks?

Frameworks Power Software Development

Your business depends on the web. It’s where you sell products, where you interact with consumers, clients, and other businesses. Without the web, businesses across the globe would have trouble surviving—especially given how the pandemic has redefined our reality.

But when you draw back the curtain to get a glimpse at how things are made, what you see is an amalgamation of technologies—from clouds to containers, services and microservices, apps, and web apps. If, however, there’s one universal thing tying so much of this together, it would be the web framework. 

If you are a developer or a company that depends on developers to keep your business up and running, then chances are pretty good you might have at least heard of a web framework. If not, let’s take a little time to not only get you familiar with the concept but also which tools are the most popular. 

enterprise software development

What Is a Web Framework?

A web framework is a collection of “tools” that make it possible to develop web and/or mobile applications. Web frameworks include libraries and other types of code such that developers don’t have to write everything from scratch. 

Web frameworks are capable of helping developers create for both the frontend (what the user sees) and the backend (what’s on the server), so under one “umbrella”, you can do just about everything you need. And because those framework libraries include common patterns for building reliable, maintainable, and scalable web applications, imagine the time you could save by not having to reinvent the wheel when you set out to develop a new web application or API. 

Think about it this way: A web framework is like a set of legos. Inside the box, you’ll find a number of bricks that are predefined to fit together to make it easy to build what you want (whether it’s what is shown on the box, or anything your imagination can conjure).  

And there are web frameworks for just about every popular language on the market—Javascript, Python, Java, PHP, and Ruby

But what are those web frameworks? Let’s take a look at some of the more popular ones on the market.

Django

Django is a Python-based web framework that tends to find itself at the top of every list of popular web frameworks. With good reason. Not only is Python one of the most-used languages on the planet, but Django is also one of the older web frameworks and has helped make over 12,000 active projects a reality. 

One of the biggest reasons why Django is so popular is that it works with a very modern take on problem-solving and makes common development tasks (such as serializing data, caching, and authentication) incredibly simple. 


Django also covers the full stack of web development—from frontend to backend, but can also be used for only one side of the stack if needed. The Django framework was also designed to help developers go from concept to deployment as quickly as possible—even when those applications must be scaled to meet the needs of enterprise businesses. 

Companies that use Django include:

  • Pinterest
  • Instagram
  • Udemy
  • Robinhood
  • Accenture
  • Spotify
  • YouTube
  • Washington Post
  • Bitbucket
  • Dropbox

Ruby on Rails

The Rails framework (most often called Ruby on Rails) is an incredibly efficient development ecosystem that is often considered to be one of the most developer-friendly frameworks on the market. 

Rails is based on the Ruby language, which tends to be most widely used as a tool for the building of backend stacks.

Ruby on Rails helps developers to write less code while accomplishing more than most other frameworks. Rails works with two particular philosophies:

  • Don’t repeat yourself – a principle that states “Every piece of knowledge must have a single, unambiguous, authoritative representation within a system.”
  • Convention over configuration – a set of opinions regarding the best way to do many things, rather than specify via endless configuration files.

Companies using Ruby on Rails include:

  • Airbnb
  • Crunchbase
  • Ask.fm
  • Bloomberg
  • Github
  • Fiverr
  • Shopify
  • Twitter
  • Etsy
  • Hulu
  • Kickstarter

Laravel

Laravel is the web framework based on PHP and was created to address gaps found in the CodeIgniter framework. Laravel provides many advanced features like authentication, relational database interaction, and dependency management. Most developers use Laravel for creating fast as well as full-featured backend web applications.

What makes Laravel so attractive to a lot of developers is that it uses an expressive and elegant syntax while removing the more challenging aspects of software development (such as authentication, routing, sessions, and caching). 

That’s not all. Laurel includes a modular packaging system with dependency management, so developers can easily add functionalities to apps without writing them from scratch. Sensing a theme here? 

Laravel provides all the tools developers need to create scalable and robust applications, including an inversion of the control container, an expressive migration system, and tightly integrated unit testing support.

Companies using Laurel include:

  • Pfizer
  • BBC
  • Wattpad
  • GitLab
  • Bold Commerce
  • PayZip
  • Doorbell
  • Abacus
  • HelloFresh
  • Canaan
  • ScreenCloud

Angular

Angular is often considered one of the best frameworks on the market for web developers. One of the many reasons for this is because it’s based on JavaScript—which happens to be an incredibly popular language. 


With Angular, you build single-page client applications, using HTML and TypeScript. The basic building blocks of Angular are called NgModules, which collect related code into functional sets. With this, developers can create highly complex applications for both web and mobile platforms. Angular accomplishes this by making it easy to implement complex requirements for apps (such as data binding, routing, and animations).

Angular also offers a handy style guide to help developers structure and build apps with the framework.

Companies using Angular include:

  • Microsoft
  • Autodesk
  • McDonald’s
  • Cisco
  • AT&T
  • Apple
  • Adobe
  • GoPro
  • ProtonMail
  • Upwork
  • YouTube
  • Paypal
  • Nike
  • Google  

Conclusion

There are a lot of web frameworks on the market. If your company is looking to extend your platform (which it should be), your search could easily begin with one of these frameworks. Not only are they each popular in their own right, but they are also incredibly flexible and easy to use. 

And if you don’t have the in-house developers who can work with these tools, you can always reach out to a company like BairesDev, who can put together a team to make it happen. 

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