Generally speaking, React is a good option for developers and companies that want to create user interfaces, single-page applications, and mobile apps, thanks to the high data-fetching speed.
- Virtual DOMs: React uses a local and simplified version of the Document Object Model, abstracting these abstractions even more to perform computations more quickly and without being tied to browser specificity.
- Reusable components: React lets you reuse code components of different levels as you please, which allows you to save time when developing with it. React components are isolated, which means you can change one without seeing the changes affecting the others.
- Downward data-binding: React lets you work with components directly and, thanks to its downward data binding, you’ll see that parent structures aren’t affected by the changes you introduce in their children, making the entire code more stable.
- Open Source: Facebook made React open source upon release, a fantastic thing that sprung a wide community of developers working to create new tools and applications for it.
- Too many updates: updates in the software world are often a good thing – until they aren’t. In React, they mean new features and capabilities but they also change React frequently. This will have you relearning things you already mastered more often than you’d want.
- Poor documentation: React evolves at such a breakneck speed that its developers have it hard to properly write instructions for all its features. That’s why most React documentation is scattered or way too specific.
Angular is the best way to go if you’re tackling large-scale application projects, want a scalable architecture, or even if you are creating a single page application.
- Two-way data binding: the MVC architecture ensures that when the Model data changes, so does the View. This two-way binding relieves you from having to constantly synchronize the View and Model data, reducing development time.
- Dependency injection: with Angular, you can use injectors to define dependencies as external elements, which leads to components decoupling from their dependencies. This makes it easier for you to manage and test those components as well as allowing you to reuse them more easily.
- Subpar performance: even when you can use it for large applications, you should be careful when developing with Angular. That’s because complex Angular applications tend to feel laggier and show a somewhat flawed performance (especially when compared to those built with other frameworks).
- Harder to learn: you might say that versatility is a great thing (and it can certainly be!) but in Angular, you’ll find that there’s such a thing as too much versatility. There are plenty of different ways to do the same thing in Angular, which can leave you confused and make it harder to learn it.
One of the frameworks that’s slowly making more splashes as time goes by, Vue will definitely see an increase in popularity during 2021. Don’t be fooled by its tiny size – it’s a highly flexible and very powerful progressive framework with a high reusability value and a fast performance that has been making people fall in love with it since its release in 2014.
Used mainly to build web interfaces and one-page applications, you can also trust Vue to handle desktop and mobile app development by combining it with the Electron framework.
- Small size: when people say that Vue is featherweight, it’s because it is as tiny as a framework can get. That makes it easy to download and install but also makes a difference in your application’s SEO and UX.
- Reactive two-way binding: Vue inherited this capability from Angular but Vue makes it reactive, which means that data updating is more straightforward and easier to complete. This is especially useful for applications that call for real-time updates, as changes are replicated where needed without affecting the overall functionality.
- Component reusability and readability: Vue uses encapsulated components that can be easily reused across multiple applications and are more easily readable and understandable. Encapsulation also helps with unit testing, as it’s easier to test separate components.
- Robust out-of-the-box tools: Vue comes packed with a series of powerful tools that give you more power over your projects, including end-to-end testing tools, a plugin installation system, and even its own browser debugger.
- Complex reactivity: the two-way data binding is a great thing but it comes with a price: you have to keep an eye on the reactivity system, which often makes mistakes during data reading. Thus, you’ll have to follow Vue’s documentation closely to avoid them through a process that has its complexity.
- Limited resources: While Vue is very powerful out of the box and has plenty of great tools to boast of, it’s not nearly as big as other frameworks (especially React or Angular). Plugins are more limited, which can mean that your Vue project can be limited here and there.
Ember isn’t nearly as popular as any of the other frameworks here but that doesn’t mean it’s not loved by its developers. In fact, people that have been choosing Ember since 2015 swear by it, especially because of its systemized way of coding. In other words, it’s pretty hard for you to make mistakes while using Ember, as there’s usually only one way of doing a certain thing.
Based on the MVVM model, you can use Ember to create complex web apps very quickly. You can even use it to create desktop and mobile apps, though its strength lies in web development.
- Convention over configuration: Ember uses naming conventions that then generate code automatically. Using principle saves you a lot of time, as you don’t have to write big troves of repetitive code, relieving you from redundant tasks.
- Ember CLI: widely considered as the best CLI of all these frameworks (a claim that is obviously contested by a lot of people), the Ember CLI makes it easier to create and fit code into the right structure while taking the proper dependencies into account.
- Ember Inspector: this is a peculiar debugger that’s no more and no less than a browser extension through which you can monitor and edit your Ember apps in real-time, which makes it easier and quicker to find bugs and issues.
- Hard to learn: one of the biggest disadvantages is that, for all its power, Ember can be difficult to master. That’s especially true for beginners or for people interested in tackling simple projects since Ember offers a lot more at simplicity’s expense.