Web development has been around since the 90s and it will never go away. However, those sites from the early days are little more than an interesting footnote in history. Now, modern web design has evolved to become something far more complex and useful.
Gone are the days of flat-text, static websites. In their place are dynamic, interactive sites that can do just about anything—from automatic updates to animated menus and elements, to eCommerce. With the right web development skills, there’s next to nothing your in-house developers (or the developers you hire from an outsource web development firm).
No matter where you get your software engineers from, it’s important that they have the necessary skills to get the job done. That means having the right programming languages to enable them to design and build the best websites for the job at hand.
But what languages do your developers need to know to create modern, dynamic websites? Let’s take a look at the best 5 programming languages that can get the job done.
We’ll start with the obvious. Why? Because you’re not going to get very far building custom websites without knowing the mother of all web programming languages. With the combination of HTML and CSS, you can do quite a lot. However, don’t expect to get too far with these two basic languages.
Yes, these 2 markup languages are the foundation for creating pages for websites. But don’t confuse HTML and CSS for programming languages. They aren’t. These 2 markup languages are simply the foundation for websites. And it doesn’t matter how complicated the site is, if you view a page source, you’ll most certainly see HTML and CSS tags in the code.
Because HTML/CSS is a foundational language for web design, it’s pretty important to have a solid grasp of these 2 languages. Although you won’t get very far with delivering everything your client desires, you’ll have a foundation with which you can then build the rest of the site.
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and is a scripting language used on the backend (server-side) for delivering simple, dynamic websites and web applications. Many of the most popular website frameworks (such as Drupal, WordPress, and even Facebook) make use of PHP.
PHP is an incredibly popular language for website design, in part because it’s supported by a large number of third-party extensions, such as .NET, Apache, and MySQL. This support makes it possible to use PHP as a bridge between websites and other services. PHP can also communicate with other services, such as LDAP, IMAP, SNMP, NNTP, POP3, HTTP, and COM (on Windows).
PHP is also very secure and fast, so it’s beneficial for enterprise businesses. And because PHP is both open-source and free, it’s readily available for anyone to start using. PHP is also relatively easy to start using, which makes it a great second step from HTML/CSS. And with plenty of simple documentation, your developers should be able to get up and running in no time.
One of the best features of PHP Is that it isn’t limited to outputting HTML. PHP can output images, PDF files, text, and even animations, all generated on the fly.
Python is one of the easiest programming languages to learn. It’s also one of the most popular languages on the planet. With Python you can integrate Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning into your websites, so you can better understand customer behavior and even build systems that learn to monitor and understand customer conversations related to a product. And because Python is so adept with backend web development, it’s used for several massive services (such as Spotify and Instagram).
One of the most important aspects of Python is that it offers dynamic typing capabilities, which allows developers to create very large and complex websites (where content must change constantly) far easier than it is with static typing languages.
Java isn’t just the most widely used language on the planet because of Android development, but also because of the number of well-maintained libraries, frameworks, APIs, and IDEs available for it. There are several good reasons why so many developers turn to Java for the web. For example, Java supports multi-threading, which means it can handle multiple users and threads simultaneously. Because of this, developers don’t have to execute multiple copies of the same code on a server. This brings about a much faster response time for websites.
Java is also scalable vertically and horizontally with minimal code changes. Java is also seen as one of the more secure web-centric languages on the market. With features like advanced authentication, cryptography, secure login mechanisms, digital signatures, ciphers, security policies, and access controls, it’s a hard language to beat for developing secure, platform-independent web applications.