Why Go Is an Important Language for Your Company

The Hottest Language In the Market

Today’s high-demand world requires a computer language capable of delivering productive, state-of-the web applications at unheard-of speeds and reliability. Not every programming language is up to that task. Software engineers need to be able to create more with less and the apps they deliver need to be able to work with nearly every possible technology at play.

Finding something to perfectly fit that bill is a remarkable challenge, but the Go (or Golang) language might be as close as you’ll find.

Go was created by Google to be syntactically similar to C, but employ memory safety, garbage collection, structural typing, and CSP-style concurrency. The creators wanted to make sure they had a language that could deliver:

  • Ease of use
  • State-of-the-art productivity
  • High level of efficiency
  • Static typing
  • Advanced network performance
  • Full use of multi-core technology

Fortunately, they succeeded in achieving exactly what they wanted, and by 2016, Go was touted as the hottest language on the market. In fact, according to the TIOBE index, Go’s rating continues to climb (as of now it’s holding steady at #14). Although Go doesn’t enjoy the high TIOBE index of, say, Java (2), Python (3), or JavaScript (7), it continues to be incredibly important within the world of business.

But why is Go an important language for your company? Let’s find out.

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It's Easy to Learn

If you already have a staff of in-house engineers, they shouldn’t have any problem learning Go. Why? Because Go was created to be similar to C, a language that so many developers already understand. In fact, the creators of Go were very fond of saying that their new language was the C for the twenty-first century. Thanks to a very familiar syntax, most software engineers can adopt Go with little to no problem.

And, of course, if you don’t already have an in-house development team, you can always turn to nearshore or offshore hiring firms, and be confident they’ll have software engineers already familiar with Go.

Concurrency

Concurrency is when multiple computations happen at the same time and is quite prolific in modern programming. Thanks to goroutines (a function capable of running concurrently with other functions) and channels (provide the means for two goroutines to communicate with one another), Go handles concurrency quite well.

With modern software, concurrency is a must, and Go is quite capable with this concept.

Garbage Collection

Garbage collection takes on the responsibility of tracking memory allocation so that allocations that are no longer needed can be put back into use. Without garbage collection, a program could effectively use up all available memory until there was none left. Garbage collection resolves that issue to ensure there are always memory allocations available. 

One aspect of the Go language that makes it quite good at garbage collection is that it works with low latency, which are pauses in operation. Because Go is so efficient at garbage collection, there’s very little wait time for memory to be usable again. This is especially important in high-demand environments where scale and speed are important.

Static Code Analysis

Go includes a number of very important tools that make it easy for developers to analyze their code. You’ll find godoc for documentation, glint for code style listing, and gofmt for code formatting. And if you don’t find a built-in tool for a task, there are plenty of third-party tools, such as SonarQube for nearly all issues found in your Go codebase and gosec for security issues.

Built-in Testing Tools

Go also includes tools for running tests, found in the standard library. You’ll find the testing package and the go test command ready to serve. The go test tool will generate multiple test binaries that are executed and independently tested. Go test inspects your code to make sure it works as intended. Because Go has built-in utilities for these tests, you won’t have to take the time to integrate third-party applications or depend upon an outside resource.

Go Is Fast

Any business hoping to develop and deploy fast applications can do a lot worse than Go. But it’s not just the speed at which a Go app will run. The time between design and deployment is remarkably short with Go, thanks to a lack of type inheritance and classes, and the familiar syntax. With Go, your developers can get applications deployed very quickly. 

Easily Maintained

This is very important. Because Go has a clean and easily understandable syntax, any developer can jump into a project and get up to speed almost immediately. That’s a problem with languages that don’t enjoy such neat and easy syntax, where a developer who’s new to the project must spend time first understanding what’s going on in the code. Not so with Go. 

That’s because Go leaves out a number of OOP language features (such as classes, inheritance, constructors, annotations, generic, and exceptions), which adds to its simplicity. If you want projects written in a language that can be easily understood by any software engineer, Go is what you want.

Runs on Lesser-Powered Hardware

Go isn’t just for massively scalable servers. In fact, Go is also quite adept at running on smaller, lesser-powered hardware, such as IoT devices. So if you’re looking for a language that is as at home on a powerful server as it is on an IoT-based edge computing device, look no further than Go. 

Go Is Backed by Google

It can’t be denied that Google is of massive importance in the world of software. Because Go was designed by Google to solve problems specific to their needs (such as scalability), you can be certain that Go is ready to help your developers create applications that are capable of scaling well beyond your needs.

Conclusion

Go is a language that’s going to be around for a very long time, especially given how wide-spread the cloud has become. Any business that requires fast, clean, simple, and scalable applications would be well served by adopting this flexible and dependable language. If you want your software engineers to write very efficient code, then it’s time you adopt Go.

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