MEAN Developers Hiring Guide

The Definitive Stack for Building Dynamic Websites

Having a strong online presence today isn’t a choice—it’s a must for all companies. So, it’s not surprising that there are so many web development tools and technologies to help web engineers with their work. From multiple programming languages and frameworks to libraries, patterns, and cloud-based platforms, there are plenty of resources available to web developers. 

Of all those, web developers always pick a selected few to tackle the different parts of web development. The combinations are endless, but there are some technologies that have proven time and time again that they work best when used together for frontend and backend development. Those combinations are called tech stacks.

As you can surely imagine, there are many web tech stacks out there, each of which meets very specific requirements. Yet, if web developers were asked to choose only one, they’d most likely go with the MEAN stack.

MEAN is a free and open-source JavaScript tech stack that combines 4 technologies: MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js. By using these technologies together, web engineering teams can quickly engineer cloud-ready apps and sophisticated websites that meet today’s demands.

  • Hiring Guide

  • Interview Questions

  • Job Description

MEAN is a JavaScript tech stack for building dynamic websites and web apps. Its name is an acronym that stands for MongoDB, Express.js, Angular.js, and Node.js, the stack’s components. Developers use MEAN because all its components are JavaScript-based, which means they only need to write code in one language for both the server-side and the client-side environments.

Each of the 4 components of the MEAN stack serves a specific purpose in the stack:

  • MongoDB: an open-source, NoSQL database for cloud apps. MongoDB stores the app’s data and pushes and pulls when needed.
  • Express.js: a backend web development framework for Node.js. Express.js handles all interactions between the application’s frontend and the database.
  • Angular.js: the default JavaScript framework for front-end development. Angular.js helps engineers build the user’s side of the application. It’s the most replaced component of the stack (which gives way to other stacks, such as MERN and MEVN).
  • Node.js: an open-source backend JavaScript runtime environment that executes JavaScript code without the need for a browser.

MEAN’s Popularity Today

While there are no stats that conclusively show it, MEAN is probably the most widely used web development stack today. It makes sense. JavaScript is often seen leading the rankings of most widely used languages in the industry, so it’s only natural for MEAN (a JavaScript-based tech stack) to be at the top as well.

If you consider its components individually and how they rank in developers’ surveys, you surely confirm that feeling. Sure, MongoDB, Express.js, and Angular.js might not be everyone’s first choice (Node.js certainly is), but their strength comes from their combination. And while some people might replace Angular.js with React or Vue, the truth is that MEAN still is the de facto standard for web development teams.


What To Look For in MEAN Engineers

Rather than talking about MEAN engineers, it’s best if we talk about JavaScript developers. That’s because MEAN is written in JavaScript, so anyone who has mastered the language has better chances of succeeding with the MEAN stack.

In fact, if you’re looking for staff members to join your MEAN development team, you have great chances of finding them if you search for engineers well-versed in JavaScript.This shouldn’t be a problem, as there are many JavaScript developers out there and the language’s popularity and community aren’t going away anytime soon.

Does that mean that any JavaScript developer is a good candidate for your MEAN team? Not quite. While the best candidates will surely have to have solid experience with JavaScript, they should also have a proven understanding of each individual component. Besides, the best MEAN engineers are the ones who have knowledge about both frontend and backend development, mainly because a proper understanding of both sides can lead to better applications with a more impressive performance.

What’s more, if you’re looking for a robust MEAN developer, you might also search for candidates with knowledge in HTML and CSS, graphic design, SEO, testing and debugging, and even React and Vue. Knowing about these frameworks can help your team briefly transition to MERN or MEVN stacks, which can help you in specific projects.

Which web projects are better suited for MEAN?

While some people might argue that MEAN is a great fit for any kind of web development project, the reality is that there are better matches than others. The stack’s performance and scalability are its biggest advantages, so it’s safe to say that projects in which those characteristics are essential are natural fits for MEAN (think of enterprise applications).

MEAN is also great for building cloud-native applications, thanks to its ability to handle large amounts of data while serving numerous users at the same time. That’s the main reason why MEAN is one of the first options when developing apps for cloud hosting. It’s also why so many developers use it for single-page applications (SPAs), high-throughput APIs, microservices, and simple web apps.


What are some of the benefits and drawbacks of using MEAN?

Some of the benefits of using mean include:

  • It has its own server for easy deployment and quick scaling.
  • It’s based on JavaScript, which means that talented engineers are readily available.
  • It allows code reuse throughout the application, as the whole stack is written in JavaScript.
  • All its components are open-source. 

As for the drawbacks, the most notable ones include:

  • JavaScript isn’t the best language for backend development because of its concurrency problems.
  • MEAN development can be quick, which can lead to poor coding practices and low-quality code.
  • Orchestrating all of MEAN’s components calls for a customized approach for each project, as there are no JavaScript coding guidelines that offer clear paths for using this stack in the same kind of project. 
  • While MongoDB can manage a lot of data, it can lead to record loss during heavy load scenarios. 

Should you choose MEAN, MERN, or MEVN?

The MEAN stack has 2 popular alternatives in MERN and MEVN. The only thing that changes from one to the other is the JavaScript framework they use for frontend development. While MEAN uses Angular.js, MERN uses React, and MEVN uses Vue. They all have their unique characteristics:

  • Angular.js is a Typescript-based framework for web, mobile web, native mobile, and native desktop development. It’s an opinionated platform that isn’t as customizable as the other 2 alternatives.
  • React is a relative newcomer and it’s a fairly popular alternative in startups and freelance development teams. It’s very customizable and has impressive scalability capabilities, which is why it’s the No. 1 pick for companies that are growing fast. 
  • Vue is probably the most easy-to-learn framework for JavaScript. It’s very versatile, comes with great documentation, and shows impressive speed. While not as popular as the 2 frameworks above, it has its loyal fandom. 

So, which one is better? It basically depends on what you’re looking for. They share most of the same components, and the only big difference lies in how you want to work in the front-end. While the differences feel more like a matter of opinion, as a general rule React and Vue are more versatile and customizable, while Angular.js provides an easier platform to develop. That means you’ll have to choose between them depending on the requirements of the project at hand. 

We are looking for a full-stack developer with a focus on MEAN who will be responsible for leading the development of our websites and web applications. Your primary focus will be the development of logic, definition, and maintenance of the web product, ensuring high performance, responsiveness, and scalability. 

You will also be responsible for integrating the front-end elements into the application. Therefore, you will take full technical ownership of the web products we create. 


Responsibilities

  • Build efficient, testable, and dynamic web applications and websites
  • Build new features using modern best practices such as version control, continuous integration, automated tests, and daily deploys
  • Solve complex performance problems and architectural challenges
  • Participate in an agile process, code reviews, and release testing
  • Integrate data storage solutions {{May include databases, key-value stores, blob stores, etc.}
  • {{Add other responsibilities here that are relevant}}

Skills and Qualifications

  • Strong knowledge of JavaScript
  • Experience and proven ability with developing and/or designing web applications
  • Knowledge of HTML5 and CSS3
  • Understanding accessibility, encryption, and security compliance {{Depending on the specific project}}
  • Understanding fundamental design principles behind a scalable application
  • Experience testing and debugging apps
  • Familiarity with NoSQL databases
  • Proficient understanding of code versioning tools, such as Git
  • Knowledge of React, Vue, graphic design and SEO are a big plus
  • {{Make sure to mention other frameworks, libraries, or any other technology related to your development stack}}
  • {{List education level or certification you require}}

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