3 Things to Know About Ruby Development

Achieve Software Scalability With Ruby Development

Ruby is one of those programming languages that makes software engineers happy. In the last few years, it’s grown rapidly in popularity thanks to its extra-readable code, comprehensive libraries, and amazing community. All of this has made Ruby development a smooth, scalable, and well-optimized process that’s attracting more and more businesses every day. 

Today, Ruby developers work on all kinds of projects, including e-commerce, web and app development, content management systems, and many more. If you’re interested in implementing the Ruby language in your next software development project, keep reading—these are 5 things you’ll want to know about software development with Ruby.

Ruby on Rails Development

The What and The Why

If you’re not working a very IT-focused role yourself, you’ll probably need a brief introduction to what Ruby is and why so many companies go for it. And that’s exactly what we’ll do right now.

The What

Ruby is one of the most long-lasting programming languages out there. It was first released back in 1993 by Yukihiro Matsumoto, who presented it to the public as a blend of other popular programming languages at the time (including Perl, Eiffel, and Ada). Matsumoto’s goal was to create a simple and easy-to-understand language that also allowed developers to create complex and scalable applications. Sufficient to say he did just that. 

Ruby is now the backbone of a huge chunk of world-renowned services, including Airbnb, Shopify, Bloomberg, Zendesk, and many more. All of them are using Ruby to its full potential to provide a stable, scalable, and secure software infrastructure for millions of users.

The Why

There are four main reasons why so many companies prefer to hire Ruby developers: simplicity of development, cost-effectiveness, and optimization. 

  • Simplicity: Ruby was designed to be clear and easy to read throughout all stages of development. It makes use of English-like syntax and easy-to-follow logic that makes code easy to read even for people unfamiliar with software development. This allows Ruby developers to do more with less code, and companies to aim for higher standards in their software solutions.

  • Cost-effectiveness: Ruby is 100% open source and free to use, so any company can hire a Ruby developer and get access to the thousands of incredible libraries, frameworks, and tools that facilitate the best Ruby development without paying a dime. And once scalability comes into play, the powerful design of the language will allow Ruby developers to keep all processes running without breaking a sweat.

  • Optimization: There’s one framework leading the optimization of Ruby development projects: Ruby on Rails (RoR). Most Ruby projects are carried out with RoR because this framework has been known to reduce development time by more than 30%. As a simple comparison, six lines of Java code can be written in one line of RoR code. Ruby’s lean code base, rich selection of powerful plugins, and object-oriented design all make the language great for optimization and speed.

Ruby Makes Backend Development Easy and Efficient

Ruby is mostly used in the back-end of software applications—and with good reason. Just the fact that Ruby developers need to write less code to complete complex tasks means that companies can spend less on development and still achieve outstanding results. 

As a matter of fact, many companies have begun to use Ruby to develop fully-featured backend infrastructures for their Minimum Viable Products (MVP), instead of investing ten times more time and money in building the same thing with other tools. And another cool fact: Ruby makes it easy for developers to update software and add new features to the code base even after launch. 

Ruby is also great for backend development because it offers a wide range of readily-made solutions that have been tried and tested by thousands of software engineers and businesses worldwide. Ruby developers know that there’s no need to reinvent the wheel and that many of the most valuable features in backend development are already covered in one library or another. 

If You’re Using Ruby, You’ll Probably Want to Take a Look at Ruby on Rails

Although Ruby and Ruby on Rails are not the same, they are often used interchangeably. Why? Because most Ruby development projects today use Ruby on Rails in one way or another. For those unaware, RoR is an open-source web application framework that was released in 2004. It’s offered under the MIT license, which means almost unlimited reuse and license compatibility. In other words, it is essentially free. 

Here are some RoR facts you might be interested in:

  • Ruby on Rails is based on the model–view–controller (MVC) software design pattern.
  • The RoR framework follows two main principles that determine the underlying logic of the program: Convention Over Configuration (CoC) and Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY). The former aims to reduce and facilitate decision-making without sacrificing versatility. The latter states that Ruby developers must avoid repetitive code and redundancy. CoC and DRY are the key drivers behind the speed and optimization of Ruby on Rails development projects. 
  • RoR is known for being one of the most (if not the most) stable and predictable Ruby frameworks, which makes it a great choice for long-term, complex, and scalable projects. 

Work with The Best Ruby Developers In The Industry

If you want to follow the track of Ruby development for your next project, hiring the best software developers for your team is the best way to maximize the impact and value of your results. At BairesDev, we work with the Top 1% of IT Talent to provide the highest-quality software solutions and build tailored-fit development teams for our clients. Send us a message and we’ll walk you through a detailed roadmap for your project right away!

More about Security

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 4

    Introduction

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 5

    About developers

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 6

    Tips

When someone thinks of Ruby on Rails for a project, chances are they do so because of how easy it is to build an MVP with it. In fact, that’s probably the reason why a lot of Ruby developers use it in the first place. Unfortunately, the idea that Rails is only good for building MVPs is a prevailing one. And we say “unfortunately” because there are two problems with that vision.

First and foremost, it reduces Rails to a mere second-tier tool while, in reality, this Ruby web framework is useful for plenty of things (we can testify to that here at BairesDev). And then there’s a second, probably more unseen but equally important problem. 

Whenever someone creates an MVP with Rails, they probably don’t pay that much attention to security – after all, a minimum viable product is more about having a working product to get feedback from something that exceeds a design on paper. The problem is that, once that MVP is approved and developers start fleshing it out, security remains in the backseat. And that can have a disastrous effect on the final product.

Luckily, there are some good security practices you can apply during Ruby development to make sure the software you create is robust. Here we’ll review some of the essential ones. But first, let’s quickly review what Ruby developers do.

It doesn’t matter what kind of project you’re tackling – security should always be your first priority. Even if you’re working on a proof of concept, you need to take care of security, as you never know what that project might become in the future. Keeping these suggestions in mind when working in a Rails app is a good starting point to up your security game.

Naturally, these aren’t the only things you can do to improve your web application’s security. There are many other security measures you can (and should) take. Feeling a little lost about it? Don’t worry. At BairesDev we can offer you the Top 1% of Ruby developers to work on your web app, highly qualified professionals that always put security front and center and that can provide you with robust Ruby development services. Contact us today to learn more. 

Ruby developers use this interpreted and high-level language to build mostly web applications and backend services. However, Ruby is also a general-purpose language, which means that Ruby engineers can use it to create a lot of other applications, especially for prototypes, proof of concepts, and data analysis tools. Ruby developers design and develop their applications and coordinate with the rest of the team to fit all the pieces that make up the final infrastructure.

Since most software developers use Ruby for web development, it’s not a surprise that Ruby on Rails is so popular among them. That’s because it’s a very powerful framework that highly streamlines the work and eases the development of web applications. In fact, Ruby developers are often thought of as Rails developers, even when they aren’t precisely the same thing.

Now that we have defined what a Ruby developer does, it’s time to move on to the security tips for anyone using it (and Rails) to create their web apps. 

Enforce Strong Passwords

One of the most basic things you can do to elevate your web app’s security is to provide a stronger authentication system. That’s easier than ever today, mainly because Ruby has powerful libraries (known as “gems”) that can easily take care of that. Some of them include:

  • Devise
  • Strong password
  • OmniAuth

Integrating these gems in an app will provide you with a basic authentication system but you need to go beyond that. You have to know how to configure those gems to enforce more robust and complex passwords that prevent users from using security keys like “123456” or “password.” How can you do that? Just read the documentation for your preferred gem, as it’s an easy step you can take to provide stronger security. 

Design a Robust Authorization and Access Policy

Though they might sound like the same, authentication isn’t the same as authorization. You use the first one to define whether a user is who they claim they are. Authorization, on the other hand, defines what things can the authenticated user do and access once in the system. Thus, you also need a strong authorization policy to prevent data tampering and privilege abuse. 

There are several ways you should consider when designing such a policy, including:

  • Use multiple gatekeepers as backups and fail-safes.
  • Restrict the access to system-level resources to the minimum number of users possible.
  • Adopt the “least privilege” model, which says that users can’t edit, add, or delete data in databases unless they are given special permission to do so. 
  • Negate access to unauthorized pages.
  • Test for authorization vulnerabilities as thoroughly as you can. 

You can work on those tips yourself or use Ruby gems to help you out. Security gems like CanCanCan or Pundit are great for dealing with authorization aspects of security. 

Learn to Prevent SQL Injections

SQL Injection (also known as SQLI) is an unfortunately very common attack that targets databases through manipulated SQL code. In other words, a malicious individual can exploit a vulnerability in your Ruby app and access private or sensible information to change or steal it. If you don’t take care of those vulnerabilities, you might end up exposing your entire database to an attacker.

There are several ways to prevent SQL injection attacks in Rails but one of the easiest ones is using parameterization, the most secure way of handling user input that may end up being unsafe. Regardless of the ORM you use, you should definitely use its facilities to parameterize queries and thus keep your databases safe. 

Keep an Eye on Redirects and Forwards

Another unwanted outcome of letting your guard down when it comes to user input might have your web app redirecting and forwarding users to malicious URLs. Hackers use those to try to steal user credentials or carry out phishing attacks. That’s why you need to check whether a user is authorized to forward or redirect requests. 

You can do that by doing the following:

  • Sanitize your input through a list of trusted URLs.
  • Prevent users from entering URLs as input. If you need to do so, be sure that the user is authorized to use one and that the app trusts that URL.
  • Ask users to confirm any redirection and make it clear where the action is taking them.
  • Don’t use redirects and forwards in the first place.

Create an Error Handling Strategy

As anyone offering Ruby development services already knows, there will be errors in your Rails apps, no matter what you do. That’s why you need to create a strategy that deals with them when they occur. It’s not enough to deal with them through a post-incident patch. There are other things you need to consider to prevent that error from creating a bigger issue.

That’s why you need to develop a strategy that includes the following:

  • Use structured exception handling to limit the possibility of your app staying in an inconsistent state.
  • Display error messages to let the user know that something went wrong but don’t be too revealing or too technical with them, as a message might provide a hacker with the details they need to successfully exploit the error.
  • Block actions that trigger errors to avoid unauthorized access. 
  • Record all the errors as you find them. Using those logs you can then understand what triggered the errors in the first place and give you valuable insights as to how to solve them.

When to use Ruby on Rails?

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 4

    Introduction

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 5

    More about RoR

  • 3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 6

    Benefits

When our clients contact us with a web development project, we at BairesDev hear their idea and their requirements and start devising how we’ll carry out the whole project. Sometimes, we find that the best way we can tackle them is to resort to Ruby on Rails, just one of the many web development frameworks available out there. Funnily enough, many of those clients end up asking us the why of that choice.

After all, Rails isn’t the most popular web framework in the market. React, Angular, Django, and even Flask are all widely known and beloved alternatives. Why choose Rails? Well, while the reasons for that decision all boil down to the project’s specific requirements, we are confident in Rails’ capabilities and power. The fact that Rails isn’t as popular as those other alternatives doesn’t make it less useful.

That’s why we always have our Ruby developers on call when a web development project comes along: because, sometimes, Rails is the best way to go. Want to know more about our reasons for that? Read on. 

Some people like to think of Ruby on Rails as a framework for startups as if it wasn’t at the same level as other popular options. However, big companies like Hulu and Airbnb have used it at one point or another for their web-based platforms. They are a testament to this framework’s power, flexibility, usability, and, more importantly, to its scalability. 

Besides, Rails has proven time and time again that it’s a great framework to develop complex web projects but also to create MVPs and prototypes in a quick and efficient way. We should know – we’ve worked in dozens of Rails development projects for companies of all sizes across many industries and have seen its power unravel before our eyes.

Want to see it too? Contact BairesDev now and talk to our Ruby experts to check how Rails can be the right fit for your web development project.  

What Is Ruby Used For?

Ruby is a robust, dynamically typed, object-oriented, general-purpose scripting language whose main focus is in frontend and backend web development. Thus, you can use it to build web applications and web servers. However, as with any other general-purpose language, you can use it to build other kinds of applications, such as system utilities, database management tools, backup apps, and even highly-specialized software.

Ruby developers love it because it’s very easy to use and understand, thanks to its simple syntax that it’s as close as English as a programming language can get. This makes it easier to create applications with Ruby, which is why it’s also especially useful to quickly develop prototypes and proof of concepts. 

What is Ruby on Rails?

Even with its simple syntax, developing products using just Ruby can be a time-consuming task. That’s because there are many repetitive things you need to do and coding them in Ruby might be easy but that doesn’t make them less tedious. That’s why Ruby on Rails was born – to help Ruby developers in creating web apps through a powerful, efficient, and intuitive environment. 

Rails is an open-source Model View Controller (MVC) framework that has been powering all sorts of projects since its release, back in 2004. Thanks to its object-oriented nature, its strong focus on data safety, and with the help of its comprehensive toolkit, Rails has positioned itself as a good alternative for a number of projects, including:

  • SaaS systems
  • Custom platforms 
  • Online stores
  • Social networks
  • Custom API Development
  • Payment gateways

That list gives you a glimpse of the things you can build with Rails (and a clear clue as to which kind of projects can benefit from using it). But there’s so much more you can do with this framework, mainly because of its many benefits.

Though anyone that has ever used Rails for a web development project knows how useful it can be, it’s important to review the main benefits of using Rails. Understanding those benefits is key to identifying the projects in which Rails might be the way to go. Those include:

Increased development speed

Rails is very simple and has a streamlined code that allows you to make more by writing fewer lines. All that has a huge impact on the time it takes to develop an entire project, as you don’t have to spend a lot of time writing redundant code.

High flexibility

Since Ruby is a general-purpose language (and Rails is written with it) you can tackle almost any project you can come up with. Besides, Rails is a very expressive language that lets you implement different solutions for the same problems, providing you with a level of flexibility that makes your work even easier.

Robust architecture

Implementing features in Rails is fast, easy, and secure. Since it’s an object-oriented framework, it provides you with infrastructure management and script configuration. That results in vast improvements for existing applications as well as easier development for the ones you make from scratch.

Highly scalable

For quite some time, Rails was criticized for its poor scalability. However, the framework has been highly improved in its recent releases to a point where now it’s considered scalable by default, especially when talking about horizontal scalability.

Cybersecurity compliance

Rails high-quality code, robustness, and scalability allows you to implement the latest cybersecurity measures. That’s especially true for data-related protection since Rails has data encryption for passwords and credit cards as well as features against SQL injection.

Improved reliability and maintainability

Developing on Rails will have you using the test-driven approach, so you’ll be sure that the resulting applications are reliable and highly maintainable. Besides, Rails has a comprehensive testing toolkit that can cover even automatic tests to further ensure the quality of your products.

Accessible and efficient development

Rails is very efficient, so your development won’t take as much time as with other alternatives. That means that you’ll save money by reducing your development times. Besides, Rails is open-source, so you won’t have to worry about licensing costs, either.

Wide development community

Wide development community. Sure, Rails isn’t as popular as other web development frameworks, but it still is pretty popular. You can check that by yourself by diving into the Rails community, a large group of Ruby developers that share solutions and gems, and discuss everything related to Rails development.

Related Pages

3 Things to Know About Ruby Development 10

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